This seminar outline contains a good précis on the origin and growth of Germany's synthetic fuels industry. The synthetic fuels plants used two primary processes, both developed in Germany. Those who want to explore this subject more can search for the following:
1. Friedrich Bergius (1884-1949) in Rheinau-Mannheim began the German drive for energy independence with his invention and early development of high-pressure coal hydrogenation or liquefaction in the years 1910-25.
The key words in this instance are "Bergius", "coal", "hydrogenation" and "liquefaction".
2. Franz Fischer (1877-1947) and Hans Tropsch at the Kaiser-Wilhelm Institute for Coal Research (KWI) in M?lheim, Ruhr, invented a second process for the synthesis of liquid fuel from coal.
This second German process is commonly known as the "Fischer-Tropsch" method. Additional key words include "synthetic oil" and "coal". Since German coal reserves are primarily lignite, or brown coal, the "Bergius" process dominated over the Fischer-Tropsch or F-T cycle.
Of particular note is the role played intra-war by Standard Oil of New Jersey in acquiring rights to I.G. Farben's patents for the Bergius process. The agreement licensed the process to Standard Oil but with I.G. Farben retaining ownership of the patents and 50% royalties from pilot plant built by Standard Oil.
The German synthetic fuels combines were multi-faceted entities that also generated synthetic rubber and nitrogen, oxygen and ammonia. These latter are key ingredients in agricultural fertilizer, explosives and much else. Modern synthetic rubber was also developed initially in Germany pre-war.
This US Government link discusses the Fischer-Tropsch process as of March, 2002. F-T excels at producing synthetic diesel fuel from coal, among other input materials. This synthetic diesel fuel has a higher octane number and is cleaner burning than petro-diesel. Current estimates are that Fischer-Tropsch synthetic diesel from plants presently under construction will cost about 10% more than ZOG's petro-diesel fuels.
Diesel fuel is of course the primary cargo transportation system fuel. Here it powers semi-tractors, diesel-electric railroad locomotives, tugboats and many ships. Many passenger cars, BMWs among them, also have diesel engines. Many more passenger cars could have diesel engines. Meanwhile turbines powered by kerosene (mostly aircraft but also military vehicles) could obtain kerosene either by the Bergius process or they could be converted to burning hydrogen hydrolyzed from water with electricity generated by nuclear power plants.
We notice the above link concerning modern applications of the Fischer-Tropsch cycle sits on the Environmental Protection Agency website and not on the Department of Energy website. Attention Limblow Bushoil Judeo-Republicans! Find that white man at the EPA! Punish him without mercy! He's clearly in league with hate-filled anti-Jewish terrorists. Use Hellfire missiles to destroy the web server. It's a matter of Judeo-National Security. Contact Judeo-Russian Khazar Sergey Brill of Google to eliminate all traces of the link. That man clearly doesn't understand that his status as a public servant means Judeo public servant, not a servant of white people.
My God! If too many white people start thinking diesel fuel can come from somewhere besides Saudia Arabia, if it can be made from resources already available in North America then...then...then all of ZOG's plans in Iraq and Central Asia might be disrupted. Can't have that. And even worse, the EPA page discusses Sasol-South Africa's production of 150,000 bbl/day of diesel fuel from coal and calls Sasol a "50 year success story". In other words it's dated to year 40 B.N.R. (Before Nigger Rule) Oiy!!!! What a total Nazi hate criminal is this EPA bureaucrat! Slow torture is too good for the man. Find his family, too!
You know these two processes are really complementary. Bergius does much better at producing higher grade gasolines, which we could dispense with in a pinch. FYI gasoline has largely departed the military inventory by design. The preferred fuels now are kerosene and diesel. Currently gasoline's remaining military role is to power small field generators. Small diesels can be substituted here.
Both processes are complementary in terms of inputs, both relying on coal with one relying on high pressure hydrogenation and the other on steam. Seems to me the ideal energy complex:
a. Has a small nuclear power
plant at the heart to provide power to hydrolyze water and to generate
b. Located adjacent to a good water supply.
c. Located close to high grade coal supplies.
d. Located close to its markets (industrial-energy and agricultural). This will minimize transport costs for synthetic fuels, pipeline distances for shipping by product methane, and shipping to the industrial consumers of other by-products such as oxygen, nitrogen and ammonia.
The Ohio River Valley from West Virginia down to Cairo is ideal. Sections of the Mississippi are good too although coal shipping distances are a bit further.
We don't need them. They need us.